Advanced Flying (London) Ltd logo
Phone number 01737 271014
or email
airline safety training with Advanced Flying (London) Ltd

UPSET PREVENTION AND RECOVERY TRAINING (UPRT)


"There comes a time in every man's life when he is called upon to do something very special; something for which he and only he has the capabilities, has the skills, and has the necessary training. What a pity if the moment finds the man unprepared."

Sir Winston Churchill


* LOSS OF CONTROL IN FLIGHT (LOC-I) IS AVIATION'S GREATEST KILLER.

* IT STEMS FROM AN EROSION OF ESSENTIAL FLYING SKILLS AND AIRMANSHIP ACROSS THE PILOT COMMUNITY.

* BEING PREPARED TO DEAL WITH THIS REQUIRES EFFECTIVE INITIAL AND CONTINUATION TRAINING.


AF447 An article by our Chief Pilot, Darren Audet, in reaction to the discovery of AF 447 Flight Data Recorder.

The Case for Upset Prevention and Recovery Training

Loss of Control in Flight is now the leading cause of airliner fatalities worldwide. In 2009, it was responsible for about one third of all hull losses. The causes have ranged from human error, systems malfunctions and environmental conditions. The training of pilots to cope with Upset Recovery events is now the primary focus of national authorities and flight safety bodies.

Mitigating the risks from such events is down to the pilots' ability to recognise, avoid and recover from upset situations. The ultimate safety of the aeroplane will be determined by the preparedness and training of pilots.

Findings

International studies are currently in progress and some of these findings to date are as follows:

  • Knowledge and skills of the majority of current airline pilots are inadequate to prepare for Loss of Control events.
  • There is a general lack of academic knowledge in upset recovery aerodynamics and the related effects of flight controls amongst airline pilots. This deficiency is deemed to be sufficiently serious such as to impair the capability to recognize and recover from upset events.

The Academic Course

The Academic Course will be conducted over the course of one full day in a modern suite.

Objectives

The objectives of the courses are clearly defined and the following strategy is explained:

  1. Recognition.
  2. Understanding of Associated Principles.
  3. Recovery Strategy.

Statistics and Case Studies

The overall and worldwide problem is discussed and examinations of recent and relevant case studies are presented.

Causes of Airline Upsets

The major causes of upset recoveries are considered. Environmentally induced upsets may result from the following: windshear, mechanical and wake turbulence, thunderstorms, microbursts, mountain waves, icing etc. High profile attention has been devoted to auto-flight and pilot system issues recently; these and other system anomalies will be studied. Additionally, there are pilot induced upsets from various causes including disorientation. Many situations are not simply categorised and combined causes will also be viewed with the aim of arming the pilot with improved skills of recognition.

Fundamentals of Conventional and High-Speed / High Altitude Aerodynamics for Professional (Airline and Corporate) Pilots

We begin with fundamental principles, laws and definitions. The Flight Envelope is discussed extensively. A great deal of emphasis is also given to the Angle of Attack and Flight path Vector. This leads into a re-examination of Effects of Controls and studies of various stabilities (static, dynamic, manoeuvre and speed). We then venture into manoeuvre, control and turning performance. Other relevant issues are given detailed scrutiny, such as weight and balance, Mach effects and other edge-of-envelope effects.

Upset Recovery Techniques

Starting with human factors such as awareness, startle effects and "g" forces in order to understand our limitations, we then look at the more likely scenarios that can result from engine failures, and then a detailed look at the stall and the reason for Airbus and Boeing recently changing their stall recovery techniques. After this, we investigate a range of scenarios at various pitch and bank attitudes throughout the speed range of the aeroplane. Conditions of sideslip are also studied.

Upset Prevention and Recovery Training in an Aerobatic Aeroplane

A minimum of 3 x 45 min sorties, over the course of 2 days, will be conducted in two-seater high performance aerobatic aeroplanes in accordance with the techniques outlined in the academic training. These techniques will be thoroughly briefed and debriefed before every sortie. The aircraft will be of an equivalent standard to the German Extra 300L or American Pitts S-2C machines.

A consistent recovery strategy is emphasised throughout. The aim of the flight exercises is to familiarise the pilot with unusual attitudes and "g" forces to eliminate any "Startle Effects" and to train recovery techniques utilising Angle of Attack, Lift Vector and Flight Path Angle principles that are readily transferrable and appropriate to a jet airliner.

The aim of this part of the course is to become familiar with the recovery strategy and the techniques of manoeuvre in order to achieve it in a wide variety of circumstances. Thus we can use such a machine to accomplish Objectives 1, 2 and 3 of the course.

Upset Prevention and Recovery Training in Level-D Flight Simulator

The Full Flight Simulator phase of the course is optional but recommended and will occupy one additional day after the academic training.

There are limitations of simulation stipulated by the aircraft manufacturers which arise from limits of available data from testing programmes. Training in the FFS is therefore geared to the approach and recognition of various upset events. This is achieved through carefully constructed scenarios in accordance with recommendations from the FAA, Airbus and Boeing.

In this way, useful training can be achieved to accomplish Objectives 1 and 2 of the course.

For questions or to make a booking please contact Marie-Louise Audet.

Contact by telephone: 01737 271014
Or send an email