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Pitts Special S-2C

THE EASA AEROBATIC RATING

General Requirements

(Sourced from FCL.800 Aerobatic Rating)

  • A licensed pilot may not undertake aerobatic flights unless they hold an Aerobatic Rating.
  • To apply for an Aerobatic Rating, a pilot must have completed at least 40 hours of flight time (for sailplanes; 120 launches as PIC) completed after the issue of the respective licence;
  • An aerobatic training course at an ATO must include:
    •   appropriate theoretical knowledge instruction, and
    •   at least 5 hours or 20 flights of aerobatic instruction.
  • Aerobatics must subsequently be flown in the same category of aircraft as that used to qualify for the rating.
  • There are no revalidation/renewal requirements.
  • The ATO should issue a certificate of satisfactory completion of the instruction to licence endorsement.

EASA AEROBATICS RATING SYLLABUS

(Sourced from AMC1 FCL.800 Aerobatic rating)

Theoretical Knowledge

The theoretical knowledge syllabus should cover the revision or explanation of:

  • Human Factors and Body Limitation:
    • Spatial Disorientation;
    • Airsickness;
    • Body Stress and G-forces: positive and negative;
    • Effects of grey-and blackouts.
  • Technical Subjects:
    • Legislation affecting aerobatic flying;
    • Principles of aerodynamics to include slow flight, stalls and spins;
    • General Airframe and Engine Limitations
    • Effects of grey-and blackouts.
  • Limitations - Aircraft Category and type:
    • Airspeed Limitations
    • Symmetric Load Factors
    • Rolling "G"s
  • Aerobatic Manoeuvres and Recovery:
    • entry parameters;
    • planning systems and sequencing of manoeuvres;
    • rolling manoeuvres;
    • looping manoeuvres;
    • combination manoeuvres;
    • entry and recovery from developed spins, flat, accelerated and inverted.
  • Emergency Procedures:
    • Recovery from Unusual Attitudes
    • Drills to include the use of parachutes (if worn) and aircraft abandonment.

Flying Training

The exercises of the aerobatic flying training syllabus should be repeated as necessary until the applicant achieves a safe and competent standard. Having completed the flight training, the student pilot should be able to perform a solo flight containing a sequence of aerobatic manoeuvres. The dual training and the supervised solo training flights should be tailored to the category of aircraft and limited to the permitted manoeuvres of that type of aircraft.

The exercises should comprise at least the following practical training items:

  • Confidence Manoeuvres and Recoveries
    • slow flights and stalls;
    • steep turns;
    • side slips;
    • engine restart in-flight (if applicable);
    • spins and recovery;
    • recovery from spiral dives;
    • recovery from unusual attitudes.
  • Aerobatic Manoeuvres
    • Chandelle;
    • Lazy Eight;
    • rolls;
    • loops;
    • inverted flight;
    • Hammerhead turn;
    • Immelmann

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